With the collaboration of scholars and advanced students, a single exhibition project was created aimed at illustrating the ancient cultures of the Mediterranean, each observed in its own autonomy and dignity, highlighting at the same time their interconnections, mutual influences, extraordinary acquisitions, but also contrasts. and failures, representing that mosaic of peoples and cultures that all have a place in our shared heritage. A particular reference goes to the archaeological expeditions that have rediscovered and studied the centers from which the finds come and that have contributed so much to keep the name of Sapienza and Italy high in world archeology. reorganize the collections, both to enhance some lots of materials not particularly considered in the past, and to give the right dignity to new important acquisitions. In this way, exhibition units have been set up, preserving, for reasons of inventory clarity, the division between the Near Eastern Collection and the Egyptian Collection.

The Near Eastern Collection includes materials from Turkey (Arslantepe); Palestine (Jericho), Jordan (Khirbet al-Batrawy), Lebanon (Achziv), Israel (Ramat Rahel), Malta (Tas Silġ; San Pawl Milqi, Ras al-Wardiyah), Tunisia (Cape Bon, Areg el-Rhazouani, Kerkouane, Ras ed-Drek),  from Sicily (Mozia, Pantelleria), from Sardinia (Monte Sirai). To this corpus are added some materials from Cyprus (Kition), Algeria (Banasa) and Morocco (Mogador) obtained by Prof. Moscati.

In the Egyptian Collection, the finds come from the excavations of Sonqi Tino, Arsinoe and Antinoe in Egypt; also from the mission to Jebel Barkal (Napata) and Mussawwarat es-Sufra in northern Sudan, as well as from numerous donations obtained by Prof. Sergio Donadoni.

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