JODI/OGID

  What is the legal status of data? Are smart-contracts contracts? Is current legislation fit to address the many problems posed by self-learning machines? Is it legal to purchase goods with a cryptocurrency? Who is liable for the harm or damage caused by AI's systems?

Established in 2019 at the Department of Law and Economics of Productive Activities of Università di Roma La Sapienza, the Juridical Observatory on Digital Innovation - JODI (Osservatorio giuridico delle innovazioni digitali - OGID) examines the interactions between technology and private law, by considering digital innovations from the perspectives of classical legal concepts such as contract, torts, personhood, etc. JODI (OGID)’s  activities include the organization of seminars and webinars on a regular basis run by internal members as well as by external researchers and professionals with a variety of backgrounds, the promotion and editing of publications as well as the participation in public consultation procedures in matters relating to EU’s projects of governance of digital innovation.  

JODI (OGID) is headed by Prof. Salvatore Orlando, who is full professor of Private Law at Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Economics, and lawyer in Rome. The responsible for the organization is Dr. Daniele Imbruglia, who is Research Fellow in Private Law at Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Economics.

Seminars/Webinars:

JODI (OGID)'s seminars/webinars are open to everyone interested in joining. Seminars are held in presence at the premises of the Department of Law and Economics of Productive Activities of Università di Roma La Sapienza in via Castro Laurenziano, while webinars are held on Zoom. Each presentation is typically followed by a discussion.
To join them, please send an email to jodi.deap@uniroma1.it.

Special webinars identified in the below list with the words "REM TENE" after the Latin motto rem tene verba sequentur are held by non-legal experts and are aimed at providing useful notions derived either from research in the fields of Computer Science and Statistics and from the actual implementation of digital technologies in the business and non-profit sectors.

Special REM TENE WEBINARS are focused on the legal issues surrounding digital applications of neuroscience and neuromarketing. A group of JODI members is carrying out a research project on neuromarketing.

JODI Webinars Calendar for 2023

  • 01.02.2023 h. 4pm, REM TENE NEUROMARKETING - Introduzione al neuromarketing (Fabio Babiloni, Università di Roma La Sapienza);
  • 08.02.2023 h. 4pm, REM TENE NEUROMARKETING - Neuromarketing in action (Stefano Menicocci, BrainSigns);
  • 15.02.2023 h. 4pm, REM TENE NEUROMARKETING - Neuromarketing in action (Patrizia Cherubino, BrainSigns);  
  • 01.03.2023 h. 4pm, Big data, profilazione e libertà di scelta (Beniamino Parenzo, Università di Venezia Cà Foscari);
  • 12.04.2023 h. 4pm, REM TENE - La diffusione della disinformazione online (Walter Quattrociocchi, CDCS Centre of Data Science and Complexity for Society, Università di Roma La Sapienza);

 

Publications: 

Regular column on the Italian legal review Persona e Mercato

As from 2020, JODI/OGID is in charge of coordinating a regular column on the quarterly Italian legal journal Persona e Mercato aimed at tracking developments at a national and European level in the area of technology law and practice.

    Issues 2021:

    Issues 2020:

     

      JODI Yearbook: 

      On 15 December 2022, JODI 2022 Yearbook (Annuario 2022 Osservatorio Giuridico sulla Innovazione Digitale) has been published by SUE (Sapienza Università Editrice) in open access under Creative Commons license 3.0 IT (ISBN 9788893772563; DOI 10.13133/9788893772563). The Yearbook, edited by Salvatore Orlando and Giuseppina Capaldo, has been contributed by professors and researchers from 12 Italian Universities and deals with a number of issues, including crypto-assets, ICOs, AI, machine learning, platform economy, smart contracts, data protection, recommender systems, neurorights, software requirements engineering, and Privacy Enhancing Technologies. 

      The ebook is available for free at the following link

      https://www.editricesapienza.it/book/8230

      The ebook is also available for free on Google Play and on Google Libri.

       JODI 2021 Yearbook (Annuario 2021 Osservatorio Giuridico sulla Innovazione Digitale) is available here

       

      News:

      • 1/2.12.2022 Prof. Salvatore Orlando and Prof. Roberta Montinaro will speak at the EURA Conference 2022 - "The Gift of the Evil D-AI-Ty. Regulating Data and AI in Europe" that will be held at the School of Advanced Studies Sant'Anna in Pisa. Their presentations will cover the recent proposals of an AI Liability Directive and of a new Product Liability Directive. All conference information is available here.
      • 11.11.2022 Prof. Salvatore Orlando and Dr. Lucio Casalini will participate in the III International Workshop, "From Human Being to Cyborg. National Cases on Human Embryos and the EU Court of Justice: From artificial procreation to human enhancement in the era of transhumanism", organized by prof. Lucilla Gatt (Jean Monnet Chair in European Protection Law of Individuals in relation to New Technologies) at Università degli Studi Suor Orsola Benincasa. Information regarding the program is here (link to follow the conference on Meet)
      • 19.10.2022 Prof. Salvatore Orlando and Dr. Enzo Maria Incutti will participate in the conference "Si fa presto a dire NFT", organized by JODI and ALAI-Italia. The conference will take place in aula Onida (3rd floor), Faculty of Economics, Università di Roma La Sapienza at 9.30. All information regarding the program is available here.  (link to follow the conference on Zoom).
      • 14.10.2022 Prof. Salvatore Orlando will participate in the conference "Commerciabilità dei dati personali: condizioni e limiti alla monetizzazione della nostra identità digitale nel contesto italiano ed europeo" at Palazzo Incontri in Via Pucci, 1, Florence. Prof. Orlando will give a presentation titled "Il coordinamento tra la Direttiva 2019/770 e il GDPR: l’interessato/consumatore" (Between Directive 2019/770 and GDPR: data subject/consumer". The conference program is available here.
      • 17-18.6.2022 Prof. Roberta Montinaro and Prof. Salvatore Orlando will participate in the Conference Mercato Digitale e Tutela dei Consumatori organized by prof. Sara Tommasi at the University of Lecce. Prof. Roberta Montinaro will discuss a presentation titled "Recommendation system algorithms and unfair commercial practices". Prof. Salvatore Orlando will discuss a presentation titled "Dark patterns as a tool to distort consumers' economic behaviour".
      • 6-7.6.2022 Prof. Roberta Montinaro, Prof. Salvatore Orlando and Prof. Shaira Thobani will participate in the Summer School "Digital Innovation and Sustainability" organized by Prof. Roberta Montinaro at the University of Napoli "L'Orientale" (Jean Monnet Module DiCit). Prof. Montinaro will discuss a presentation titled "Artificial Intelligence Act e Data Governance"; Prof. Salvatore Orlando will discuss a presentation titled "Data as Information and Data as Assets" and prof. Shaira Thobani will discuss a presentation titled "Consensus to Data Processing and Data Flows". All information regarding the Summer School, including registration information, is available here.
      • 24.5.2022 Prof. Salvatore Orlando will participate as a speaker in the Conference "Il ruolo del Garante per la protezione dei dati personali: la tutela di un diritto fondamentale tra sfide passate e scommesse per il futuro". The Conference will take place in Rome at Campidoglio, Sala della Protomoteca. Prof. Orlando will discuss a presentation titled La "monetizzazione" dei dati personali ('On personal data monetization'). All information about the Conference is available here.
      • 6.5.2022 Prof. Salvatore Orlando will participate as a speaker in the Conference " Ricerca, educazione e accesso al patrimonio culturale. Un confronto fra diritti fondamentali ed eccezioni al diritto d’autore" organized by the Istituto di Informatica Giuridica e Sistemi Giudiziari and by the Capitolo italiano Creative Commons. The Conference will take place in Rome at the National Research Council (Cnr). Prof. Salvatore Orlando will discuss a presentation titled "L’eccezione di Text and Data Mining e le nozioni legali di “informazioni” e “dati” nella legislazione del mercato unico digitale" ('TDM exception and the concepts of information and data in the EU digital market law'). All information about the Conference, including the brochure and registration information are available here
      • 26.11.2021 Prof. Salvatore Orlando will participate as a speaker in the Conference " La via europea per l' Intelligenza Artificiale" (The European Road to Artificial Intelligence) organized by the University Ca' Foscari of Venice which will take place in Venice on 25-26 November 2021. Prof.Salvatore Orlando will discuss a presentation titled "Regole di immissione nel mercato e pratiche di IA vietate" (Market rules and forbidden AI practices). All information about the Conference, including the brochure and registration information is available here
      • 8.10.2021 Dr. Lucio Casalini will participate at the one-day conference, Are We Owned? A Multidisciplinary and Comparative Conversation on Intellectual Property in the Algorithmic Society. The conference will be held in Stirling (Scotland) on Friday 8th October 2021. All information regarding the conference, including videos, abstracts, is available at https://areweowned.wordpress.com/
      • 13.5.2021 Prof. Giuseppina Capaldo will participate in the Online Summer School "Digital Innovation and Sustainability" organized by the University of Napoli "L'Orientale" (Jean Monnet Module DiCit) which will take place on 7-8 June 2021. Prof. Capaldo will discuss a presentation titled "Intelligenza artificiale e infrastrutture per lo sviluppo sostenibile" (AI and infrastructure for sustainable development). All information regarding the Summer School, including registration information, is available at: http://www.jmdicitunior.eu/homesite/1/1/home-page.html
      • 11.5.2021 Salvatore Orlando and Daniele Imbruglia will participate in the Summer School "La responsabilità civile nell'era digitale" (Civil Liability in the Digital Era) organized by the University of Foggia and the University of Siena which will take place in Pugnochiuso on 6-10 September 2021. Prof. Salvatore Orlando will discuss a presentation titled "Linguaggi di programmazione e responsabilità" (Programming Languages and Civil Liability) while Dott. Daniele Imbruglia will discuss a presentation titled "Ambienti digitali e diritti fondamentali" (Digital Ecosystems and Fundamental Rights). All information regarding the Summer School, including registration information is available at: https://www.giurisprudenza.unifg.it/it/node/5211
      • 1.4.2021 Professor Salvatore Orlando has been appointed co-responsible of the block of lessons on "Ethics and legal rights in AI" ("Etica e diritti nella IA") at the 2020/2021 High Formation Course (Corso di Alta Formazione "CAF") of the Sapienza University of Rome "Ethics, legal rights and policies of the Artificial Intelligence" ("Etica, diritti e policies dell'Intelligenza Artificiale") https://www.uniroma1.it/it/offerta-formativa/corso-di-alta-formazione/2021/etica-diritti-e-policies-dellintelligenza
      • 24.11.2020 Professor Luciano Floridi of the Oxford Internet Institute (University of Oxford) made a presentation of his most recent book "Il verde e il blu. Idee ingenue per migliorare la politica", in an online event organised by JODI (https://web.uniroma1.it/deap/sites/default/files/locandina_floridi_24_novembre.pdf). Professors Fabrizio D'Ascenzo (Dean of the Faculty of Economics), Giuseppina Capaldo (Prorettore) and Salvatore Orlando (head of JODI) of the Sapienza University of Rome attended.
      • 18.9.2020 Enzo Maria Incutti and Federico Ruggeri of JODI presented and discussed their papers respectively on ICOs and the possible interactions between the new P2B Regulation and the sharing economy at the Digital PhD Workshop "A Contract Law for the Age of Digital Platforms?" organised by the University of Pisa (PhD course in Juridical Sciences). Enzo Maria Incutti discussed his presentation ("A new slippery financial operation. Concerns and considerations on ICO") with Przemyslaw Palka of Yale Law School, while Federico Ruggeri discussed his presentation ("Not always so peer. The new P2B Regulation and the sharing economy") with Alessandra Quarta of University of Turin.
      • 30.6.2020 - JODI submitted online its feedback in the roadmap procedure relevant to the EU Commission’s initiative "Digital Service Act - deepening the internal market and clarifying responsibilities for digital services": https://ec.europa.eu/info/law/better-regulation/have-your-say/initiatives/12417-Digital-Services-Act-deepening-the-Internal-Market-and-clarifying-responsibilities-for-digital-services/F535601
      • 12.6.2020 - Professor Salvatore Orlando made a lecture on "Artificial Intelligence and Fairness: The European Union's approach" at the LM in European Studies, Private Comparative Law, sponsored by the Istituto Italo-Cinese Sapienza Università di Roma - Zhongnan University of Economics and Law (ZUEL) of Wuhan (People's Republic of China).
      • 31.5.2020 - JODI filed its responses to the online questionnaire relevant to the open public consultation procedure on the EU Commission’s Communication - COM(2020) 66 final - A European strategy for data.
      • 19.5.2020 - JODI filed its responses to the online questionnaire relevant to the open public consultation procedure on the EU Commission’s White Paper - COM(2020) 65 final - On Artificial Intelligence - A European Approach to Excellence and trust, and submitted an explanatory document.
      • 12.5.2020 - JODI has been registered in EU Transparency Register, with number 164451038125-33 (https://ec.europa.eu/transparencyregister/public/consultation/searchControllerPager.do?declaration=jodi&search=search)

       

      Other articles published by JODI(OGID)'s members:

      Ø S. Orlando, Per un sindacato di liceità del consenso, in Persona e mercato, 2022, 4 (available here);

      Ø  S. Orlando, Regole di immissione sul mercato e «pratiche di intelligenza artificiale» vietate nella proposta di artificial intelligence act, in Persona e mercato, 2022, 3 (available here);

      Ø  R. Montinaro, I sistemi di raccomandazione nelle interazioni tra professionisti e consumatori: il punto di vista del diritto dei consumi (e non solo), in Persona e mercato, 2022, 3 (available here);

      Ø  E.M. Incutti, Sistemi di riconoscimento delle emozioni e ruolo dell'autonomia privata: linee evolutive di un umanesimo digitale, in Giust. civ., 2022, 2, pp. 515-551;

      Ø  F. Pacileo,“Scelte d’impresa” e doveri degli amministratori nell’impiego dell’intelligenza artificiale, in Riv. dir. soc., 2022, 3, pp. 539-578;

      Ø  E. M. Incutti, «Regulating «Initial Coin Offering» and crypto-Assets. A postcard from Italy», in E. Bargelli e V. Calderai (a cura di), A Contract Law for the Age of Digital Platforms?, Pisa, 2022, pp. 89-110.

      Ø E.M. Incutti, «Initial Coin Offering» ed il mercato delle cripto-attività: l’ambiguità degli «utility token», in Rivista di Diritto Privato, 2022, 1, pp. 71-94.

      Ø  S. Thobani, L’esclusione da Facebook tra lesione della libertà di espressione e diniego di accesso al mercato, in Persona e mercato, 2, 2021 (available here);

      Ø   L. Casalini, Accesso e digitalizzazione nella direttiva copyright, in Persona e mercato, 2, 2021 (available here);

      Ø  A. Altieri, Conferimento in società di cripto-attività, in V.V. Cuocci, F.P. Lops, C. Motti (a cura di), La circolazione della ricchezza nell’era digitale, Pisa, 2021, p. 213;

      Ø  S. Orlando, Profili definitori degli "smart contracts", in R. Clarizia (a cura di), Internet, contratto e persona: quale futuro?, Pisa, 2021, p. 41;

      Ø  D. Imbruglia, La Cassazione e le responsabilità dell’host provider, in C. Granelli (a cura di), I nuovi orientamenti della Cassazione civile, Milano, 2020, pp. 790-817;

      Ø  B. Gardelli Tedeschi, S. Thobani, Innovazione, diritto e tecnologia: temi per il presente e il futuro. Introduzione, in Media Laws, 2020, 3 (available here);

      Ø  D. Imbruglia, L'Intelligenza artificiale (IA) e le regole. Appunti, in Media Laws, 2020, 3, (available here);

      Ø  S. Orlando, The Tribunal of Rome upholds an interim injunction against Facebook on the basis that FB accounts are necessary for the exercise of the users’ fundamental rights, in

      Computer Law and Security Review, 39 (November, 2020).

      Ø  S. Orlando, Green light to the Covid-19 alerting App “Immuni” by the Italian Data Protection Authority, inComputer Law and Security Review, 38 (October, 2020);

      Ø  S. Orlando, The employment of drones by Local Police of Italian Municipalities at the time of Coronavirus, in Computer Law and Security Review, 37 (July, 2020);

      Ø  S. Orlando, Blockchain and Smart Contract defined by Italian Law but follow-up guidelines and technical standards still missing, in Computer Law and Security Review, 36 (April, 2020);

      Ø  L. Casalini, Blockchain and smart contracts. What changes lie ahead for banking and financial law? , in Diritto del risparmio, 3, 2019 (available here).

       

        

        

      © Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" - Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma